Chinese Herbs & Their Usage (A-L) – newvita

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Chinese Herbs (A-Z)

Chinese Herb Ingredients

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Acanthopanax Root Bark Acanthopanax Root Bark

Acanthopanax Root Bark

Traditional Uses: Removes wind and dampness, supplements liver and kidneys, strengthens tendons and bones, invigorates blood circulation, good for tendons and bones. weakness in the loins and legs, due to scrotum dampness Scientific Research:

Albizzia Flower Albizzia Flower

Albizzia Flower

Traditional Uses Relieves stress, invigorates blood circulation, sets muscle and bone, for restlessness, mood, sleep, lung muscle. Scientific Research - animal (1) It has tonifying purposes. (2) Oxytocic purposes: Animal studies have indicated that it has oxytocic action

Alisma Rhizome Alisma Rhizome

Alisma Rhizome

Traditional Uses Promotes diuresis, dispels dampness, cleanses heat, Damp-heat ,retention of phlegm, stagnant water in the stomach, thirst... Scientific Research - animals (1) Diuretic purpose:.Intravenous injection of the aqueous extract into the rabbitís ear will increase its potassium salt secretion, thus increasing urination. (2) Purpose on fat storage in the liver: When rats were fed with 5 percent alisma powder, storage of lipid in the liver was inhibited, probably by the choline, lecithin, and aristol-monoacetate content in alisma.

American Burdock Root American Burdock Root

American Burdock Root

Common Names: Bardana, burr seed, clotbur, cocklebur, grass burdock, hardock, hareburr, hurr-burr, turkey burrseed. Parts: Root, seed, leaves. Properties and Uses: The decoction or infusion of burdock root is aperient, but not for all individuals; for some it may even be constipate. Both the tea and the tincture can be used for stomach. Burdock is also said to neutralize and eliminate poisons in the system. The leaves are not generally used but do contain a substance that stimulates the secretion of bile. If they are to be used for liver, use fresh leaves only. A decoction of leaves also makes a good wash for sores and may be helpful for skin. The fresh, bruised leaves are sometimes used as a remedy for poison oak or poison ivy, The seeds contain an oil that is used by medical supervision.

American Caraway Seed American Caraway Seed

American Caraway Seed

Part Seed. Caraway is a biennial or perennial plant cultivated and found in the northern and northwestern U.S., Europe, and Asia. The hollow, furrowed, angular, branched stem grows in the second year from a white, carrot-shaped root. The leaves are bi- or tripinnate and deeply incised, the upper ones on a sheath-like petiole. The small white or yellow flowers appear in May and June, forming a compound umbel with rays of unequal length. The fruit is dark brown, oblong, flattened, and two-seeded. Properties and Uses Antispasmodic, appetizer, carminative, em-menagogue, expectorant, galactagogue, stomachic. Like a number of other common kitchen spices, caraway has a beneficial purpose on the appetite and digestion. It also promotes the onset of menstruation, relieves uterine cramps, promotes the secretion of milk, and is mildly expectorant. Use caraway for flatulent colic, particularly in infants, and also as a stomach settler after takin nauseous medicines.

American Chives Leaves American Chives Leaves

American Chives Leaves

Part: Leaves. Chive grows to a height of 8 to 12 inches from a small, elongated, bulbous root. The leaves are hollow, cylindrical, closed at the top and dilated to surround the stem at the bottom. The otherwise naked stem bears a terminal globose cluster of reddish-blue or purple flowers in June and July. The fruit is a three-sided black seed. Properties and Uses: Chive grows to a height of 8 to 12 inches from a small, elongated, bulbous root. The leaves are hollow, cylindrical, closed at the top and dilated to surround the stem at the bottom. The otherwise naked stem bears a terminal globose cluster of reddish-blue or purple flowers in June and July. The fruit is a three-sided black seed.

American Cranesbill Root American Cranesbill Root

American Cranesbill Root

Common Names Alum root, cranesbill, crowfoot, geranium, spotted geranium, wild cranesbill, wild geranium. Part Rootstock. Description Cranesbill is growing from 1 to 2 feet high, as well as long-petioled basal leaves. Both basal and stem leaves are deeply 5- to 7-parted, with coarsely toothed, pointed lobes. The rose-purple flowers grow in pairs on axillary peduncles from April to July. Properties and Uses Astringent, styptic. Spotted cranebill root is a strong astringent for both internal and external use. Internally, it is helpful for bowel. It also makes a good mouthwash and gargle for throat, gum .One tribe of American Indians used a decoction of wild grape and spotted cranebill root as a mouthwash for children . The powdered root is an purposive blood .

American Loquat Seed American Loquat Seed

American Loquat Seed

Traditional Uses Cleanses lungs, harmonizes stomach, causes chi to descend, resolves phlegm, for Lung-heat, retention of p ileum and water, stomach-heat, retching Scientific Research - animals (1) Antitussive and expectorant purposes: Amygadalin, after being hydrolyzed, yields hydrocyanic acid which calms the sensory nerves of the bronchi. It stimulates the respiration center of the central nervous system.

American Witch Hazel American Witch Hazel

American Witch Hazel

Common Names Hazel nut, pistachio, snapping hazel, spotted alder, striped alder, tobacco wood, winterbloom. Parts Bark, leaves. Description Witch hazel is a deciduous shrub or small tree which grows in damp woods from Nova Scotia to Georgia and Nebraska; it is also cultivated elsewhere for its autumn-blooming flowers. Growing to a height of up to 15 feet, the stems and branches are covered with scaly gray to brown bark. The alternate, elliptic to obovate leaves are coarsely toothed and often are finely hairy on the veins underneath. The yellow flowers have 4 strap-shaped petals and grow in nodding, axillary clusters, blooming in autumn when the leaves are falling. The fruit is a woody capsule which ejects two shining black seeds when they ripen during the summer or autumn following the flowers. Properties and Uses Astringent, homeostatic, sedative, tonic. Witch hazel leaves and bark have served mostly to make astringent preparations, which have been taken internally for bowel and used externally as a rinse or gargle for mouth and throat irritations and as a vaginal douche for... For skin irritations, bruises, insect bites and stings, minor burns, and poison ivy, an ointment made from the fluid extract or a poultice can be applied. A poultice made from the inner bark is said to be purposive for anus and for eye. The inner bark also has sedative and homeostatic properties.

American Yellow Dock American Yellow Dock

American Yellow Dock

Common Names Curled dock, garden patience, narrow dock, sour dock, rumex. Part The root. Description Yellow dock is a perennial plant found as a trouble-some weed in fields and waste places in Europe, the U.S. and southern Canada. Its spindle-shaped, yellow taproot sends up a smooth, rather slender stem, 1 to 3 feet high. Lanceolate to oblong-lanceolate in shape, the pointed light green leaves have predominantly wavy margins. The lower leaves are larger and longer-petioled than the upper. Blooming from June to July, the numerous pale green, drooping flowers are loosely whorled in panicled racemes. The fruit is a pointed, three-angled and heart-shaped nut. Properties and Uses Astringent, tonic. Known as plant since ancient times, yellow dock has been used as mild astringent tonic. In the nineteenth century, it was considered a "blood purifier" and was prescribed for eruptive .., and skin. The ointment is valuable for skin. American Indians applied crushed yellow dock leaves to boils and the pulverized roots to cuts.

Amomum Seed Amomum Seed

Amomum Seed

Traditional Uses Moves and regulates chi, smoothes muscles of body, opens stomach, distributes food,good for stomach, stagnation of chi, stagnancy of undigested food dull stomach, lack of appetite... Scientific Research - animals (1) Aromatic stomachic purpose: The essential oil contains aromatics which possess stomachic actions. (2) Purpose; on the intestines: The 0.254.75% extract of Amomum villosum or A. xanthioides stimulates extirpated intestines, while the 1.00-1.25% saturated solution, inhibits intestinal functioning.

Angelica Sinensis Root Angelica Sinensis Root

Angelica Sinensis Root (Tang-Kuci Root)

Traditional Uses Supplements and moves blood, moistens intestines, regulates women' function, for weak head, chest and abdominal functions due to deficiency of blood. Scientific Research - animals (1) Uterus-regulating purpose: Tang-kuei has both stimulating and inhibiting actions on uterine muscles. Experiments indicate that its non-volatile water-soluble compounds stimulate uterine muscle, while its volatile oil inhibits uterine muscle, producing a relaxing action. Therefore, to cause the uterus to contract the herb should be decocted for a long period of time to get rid of the volatile oil. If the uterus is to be relaxed then the herb should be put into the decoction later (that is, the other herbs should be decocted first for some time before tang-kuei is added and it should be boiled over a low flame to prevent loss of the volatile oil). Animal studies show that the uterus upon being pressed will exhibit irregular contractions, but after ad-mirristration of tang-kuei the uterus will contract regularly. This means that tang-kuei can regulate the function of the uterus and that is most probably the mechanism of tang-kueiís ability to help…. Mice given feed containing 5% tang-kuei have higher DNA (deoxyribonucleic acid) content in their uteri, have higher glucose metabolism, and thus have a higher multiplication rate of uterine tissue. (2) Purpose on metabolism and secretion: Mice fed with 5% tang-kuei feed have a higher metabolic rate, and show an increase in oxygen consumption by the liver. Though the vitamin B12, content is low in tang kuei, the vitamins may nevertheless be responsible for its hematinic action. The extract protects the liver and prevents a decrease in mice liver with …induced by carbon tetrachloride. In experiments with mice, the herb acts against vitamin E deficiency, which may be related to its fetus-stabilizing purpose. (3) Sedative purpose: The volatile oil inhibits brain activity, thus having the purpose of sedation.

Arctium Fruit Arctium Fruit

Arctium Fruit

Traditional Uses Disperses wind-heat, cleanses and benefits the throat, ventilates the lungs, promotes eruptions, dissolves toxins, for lung due to wind-heat... Scientific Research - animals (1) Diuretic purpose: Arctiin produces diuresis in experimental studies using frogs, mice, and rabbits.

Artemisia Artemisia

Artemisia

Traditional Uses Removes heat, dispels dampness... Scientific Research - animals (1) Antipyretic purpose: The aqueous extract possesses a strong antipyretic purpose but its decoctionís action is weaker. (2)Purpose on the gallbladder: It stimulates bile secretion, the components responsible for this action being esculetin-6, 7-dimethyl ether and caffeic acid; capillarisin also is quite weak. (3) Other purposes: The essential oil inhibits spontaneous motor activities and reflexes in mice.

Asarum Root Asarum Root

Asarum Root

Traditional Uses Dispels cold and wind, warms the lungs to resolve accumulated fluids, retention of phlegm and fluid. Scientific Research - animals (1) Antipyretic purpose: The essential oil lowers the body temperature of rabbits differing from excess temperature induced by typhoid vaccine. (2) Analgesic purpose: It shows a local anesthetic purpose and analgesic purposes.

Astragalus Root Astragalus Root

Astragalus Root

Traditional Uses Supplements chi, increases yang, consolidates surface, delivers water, disperses for Exterior deficiency...deficiency of chi, blood prostration, deficiency of the spleen,... caused by insufficient chi Scientific Research - animals (1) Tonifying purposes: Continuous administration of the decoction to mice for three weeks increases their body weight- and prolongs swimming time. The herb is considered a chi tonic. (2) Diuretic purpose: In animal studies, oral ingestion or injection of the extract induces diuresis. (3) Vasodilation purpose: It improves blood circulation of the skin, and enhances nutrition.

Atractylodes Ovata Rhizome Atractylodes Ovata Rhizome

Atractylodes Ovata Rhizome

Traditional Uses Supplements spleen, tonifies chi, dries dampness, delivers water, harmonizes stomach and spleen, for Deficiency of the spleen, tired, loss of appetite, mental energy and retention of phlegm Scientific Research - animals (1) Diuretic purpose: The herb inhibits re-absorption by the renal tubules and increases secretion of potassium salts. The action is not only pronounced but also lasts for a long time. (2) Sedative purpose: Animal studies show that the essential oil possesses sedative action.
Atractylodes Rhizome Atractylodes Rhizome

Atractylodes Rhizome

Traditional Uses Supplements spleen, Dries dampness, strengthens spleen, removes wind-dampness. Scientific Research - animals (1) Stomach enhance. (2) Diuretic and diaphoretic effects: The diuretic mechanism is still not clear; however, it increases the secretion of sodium and potassium in the urine. (3) Tranquilizing effect: Its volatile oil at low doses tranquilizes frogs, while at high doses it inhibits the frog's central nervous system and leads to death from paralysis

Biota Leaf Biota Leaf

Biota Leaf

Traditional Uses Cools blood, control...due to wind-damp Scientific Research (1)Homeostatic purpose.

Biota Seed Biota Seed

Biota Seed

Traditional Uses Tranquilizes the heart, calms the spirit, moistens intestines, promotes bowel movement. Scientific Research - animals The fatty oil possesses a laxative action.
Bitter Ginseng Root Bitter Ginseng Root

Bitter Ginseng Root

Traditional Uses Dispels heat, dries dampness, expels wind...due to dampness Scientific Research

Bletilla Tuber

Bletilla Tuber

Traditional Uses Nourishes the lungs, promotes tissue, resolves phlegm, enhance lungs. Scientific Research - animals (1) Hemostatic purpose: The mucilage content possesses hemostatic and antionco-tic actions; its hemostatic action is probably due to its ability to agglutinate blood cells forming thrombi.

Bupleurum Root Bupleurum Root

Bupleurum Root

Traditional Uses Revolves surface, disperses heat, dissolves liver chi congestion, disperses stagnancy, raises yang chi, for chest, bitter taste in the mouth Scientific Research - animals (1) Antipyretic purpose: The extract when given orally to artificially-induced fever in rabbits exerts a notable hypothermic purpose. It also to some extent relieves fever induced by TTG (a polysaccharide produced by the bacterium Pseudomonas fluorescens). However, it is still doubtful whether it can relieve fever induced by malaria. (2) Anti-hepatosis purpose: The extract has a moderate to extreme purpose on hepatosis induced by typhoid vaccines.

Chinese Date Chinese Date

Chinese Date

Traditional Uses Supplements and tonifies spleen and stomach, moistens heart and lungs, nourishes and pacifies spirit, smooths herbal action. Scientific Research - animals (1) Antiallergic purpose: It has this action because of the presence of cyclic AMP in its aqueous extract.

Cinnamon Bark Cinnamon Bark

Cinnamon Bark

Traditional Uses Reinforces vital yang, warms the spleen and stomach, dispels accumulated chi, and invigorates blood vessels, for Deficient kidney function, limb chi and feeble pulse, debilitation and collapse of yang. Scientific Research - animals (1) Stimulation of the circulation: It dilates blood vessels, thus promoting blood circulation. It also possesses diaphoretic action. Because of its ability to improve circulation, it can enhance the purposes of other herbs. Experience indicates that cinnamon bark can be used as a guide to enable other herbs to reach where they could not otherwise. (2) Stomachic purpose: The essential oil stimulates the gastrointestinal tract, promoting digestion and absorption. It eliminates gas in the digestive tract, and inhibits abnormal fermentation processes in the intestines.

Citrus Peel Citrus Peel

Citrus Peel

Traditional Uses Disperses stagnant chi, dissolves phlegm, dissipates fullness, disperses accumulations, for Accumulation and obstruction of phlegm in the chest, chi formation in epigastrium, food stagnation, promote digestion Scientific Research - animals (1) Stomachic purpose: In animal studies the extract increased and regulated gastrointestinal activities. In modern-medicine it is used as an aromatic bitter stomachic. (2) Contraction of the uterus: The extract stimulates rabbit uterus and rabbit extirpated uterus by increasing the tonicity and contraction of the uterine muscle.

Clematis Root Clematis Root

Clematis Root

Traditional Uses Removes wind-dampness, promotes meridian flow, regulates urination, promote the loins, knees and limbs, abdomen. Scientific Research - animals (1) Softening purpose: The acetic acid extract softens the bones of fish. (2) Other purposes: It stimulates the intestines of mice.

Clove Flower Buds Clove Flower Buds

Clove Flower Buds

Traditional Uses Warms middle warmer and kidneys, supplements yang, promotes digestive function, expels wind, for Deficiency-cold of the spleen and kidneys, hiccup. It is also used as a spice for food and in the manufacture of cosmetics. Scientific Research - animals (1) Stomachic purpose: The essential oil stimulates gastric secretion and thus promotes digestion. (2) Tranquilizing purpose: Intraperitoneal injection of the extract produces a sedating action in mice after a few hours. (3) Other purposes: The ethanol or aqueous extract stimulates the uterus and its contraction; it also paralyzes roundworms in pigs.

Codonopsis Root Codonopsis Root

Codonopsis Root

Traditional Uses Invigorates the spleen and stomach, replenishes chi, harmonizes spleen and stomach, increases the secretion of fluids, for Spleen and gastric weakness, insufficient chi, tired, poor appetite and thirst. Chinese physicians use it as a ginseng substitute. Scientific Research - animals (1) Tonifying and stomachic purpose: The herb stimulates the nervous system, increases body resistance, and promotes digestion, absorption, and metabolism. (2) Hemopoietic purpose: Experiments show that it increases the number of red blood cells and hemoglobin content in rabbits. The hemopoietic actions are thought to be the result of the interaction between tang-shen and the spleen. (3) Animal studies show it dilates peripheral blood vessels and inhibits adrenal cortex activity, causing a lowering of blood pressure.

Coptis Rhizome Coptis Rhizome

Coptis Rhizome

Traditional Uses Dispels heat, dries dampness, purges fire, removes toxin, for Fidgets due to extreme heat, sensation of fullness in the chest and abdomen, thirst, due to heat. Scientific Research - animals (1) Stomachic purpose: The bitter taste possesses a stomachic purpose, and helps in digestion. It also stimulates the secretion of saliva, gastric juices, pancreatic juice, bile juice, and the activities of the gastrointestinal tract. (2) Other purposes: prolongs sleeping

Cordyceps Cordyceps

Cordyceps

Traditional Uses Supplements lungs and kidneys , loins and knees Scientific Research - animals (1) Bronchial purpose: It dramatically dilates extirpated animal bronchi. (2) It sedates and induces sleeping in mice. (4) In vitro it inhibits to varying degrees several kinds of fungi. (5) Other purpose, inhibits the activity of intestinal tract, uterus, and heart.

Costus Root Costus Root

Costus Root

Traditional Uses Promotes chi circulation, relieves distention, harmonizes the stomach, due to perverted flow of liver chi. Scientific Research - animals (1) Regulating the intestine.The extract of A. lappa acts on the nervus, vagus, stimulates the large intestine, increases peristalsis of the large intestine, an inside the gastrointestinal tract.

Cratagus Fruit Cratagus Fruit

Cratagus Fruit

Traditional Uses Promotes food digestion and resolves accumulation, expels phlegm and eliminates food stagnancy, for Dyspepsia, stagnancy of undigested food, fullness in the chest and abdomen, acid regurgitation, poor digestion in infants due to improper nursing. Scientific Research - animals (1) Digestive purpose: Crataegolic acid increases gastric secretion of digestive enzymes, thus helping in digestion.

Cyperus Rhizome Cyperus Rhizome

Cyperus Rhizome

Traditional Uses Restores the normal functioning of the liver, regulates menses. Scientific Research - animals (1)The ethanol extract increases rabbits threshold. (2) The extract inhibits contraction of smooth muscles and decreases the tonicity of extirpated uteri, but its purpose is weaker than that of tang-kuei.

Dioscorea Rhizome Dioscorea Rhizome

Dioscorea Rhizome

Traditional Uses Supplements spleen and stomach, tonifies lungs and kidneys, astringes sperm, for bowel condition and urinary frequency due to spleen deficiency. Scientific Research - animals Nutritive purpose: This action is probably due to its mucilage and nutrient content

Epimedium Epimedium

Epimedium

Traditional Uses Supplements kidneys and strengthens yang, dispels wind-damp, for weakness in the loins and knees. Scientific Research - animals (1) It has an aphrodisiac action mainly because it stimulates secretion of semen, causing the filling up of the scrotum,and indirectly promoting sexual desire. The leaf and the root are most potent in this action, the fruit is intermediate, and the stem the least potent. (2) It acts mainly on dilating the peripheral blood vessels and inhibiting.the vasomotor center in the brain.

Eyebright Eyebright

Eyebright

Common Names Euphrasy, eye-bright. Medicinal Part: The herb. Description Red eyebright is a small, downy, annual herb very common in meadows, pastures, and other grassy areas of Europe and western Asia and probably naturalized locally in various places in the U.S. Its square, leafy stem grows up to 12 inches high and bears opposite, stiff, ovate leaves. The two-lipped, red or purple and white flowers grow in axillary leafy spikes from June to September. Properties and Uses Astringent, tonic. As the name suggests, red eyebright has been used to help eye and eyestrain. A weak infusion of the fresh herb is used for these purposes, either as an eyewash or as fomentation. In addition, an infusion or poultice of red eyebright has been used for colds, In Europe it has sometimes been taken for hay fever.

Flowery Knotweed Root Flowery Knotweed Root

Flowery Knotweed Root

Traditional Uses Nourishes yin, replenishes sperm and blood. tonifies liver and kidneys, for Deficiency of liver and kidney yin, prematurely white hair, weak in the loins and knees, involuntary emission, functional intestinal wind Scientific Research - animals (1) Purgative purpose: It stimulates peristaltic movements of the intestine to induce defecation. (2) Cholesterol level-lowering purpose: In experiments with rabbits, it inhibits the increase of serum cholesterol and also decreases the absorption of cholesterol by the alimentary canal. This action is probably due to the ability of its constituents to combine with cholesterol to inhibit increase in cholesterol. (3) Purpose on arteriosclerosis: for animal, It prevents the retention of lipid in the serum or inhibits the deposition of lipoid on the inner membrane of arteries, probably because of its lecithin content. (5) Other animal purposes: It is cardiotonic, especially to exhausted hearts; it stimulates extirpated frog heart and also causes blood sugar to first rise and then fall.

Forsythia Fruit Forsythia Fruit

Forsythia Fruit

Traditional Uses Dispels heat, removes toxin. Scientific Research - animals (1) Antibacterial purpose in animal test: In vitro it inhibits Shigella dysenteriae, Salmonella typhosa, Pseudomonas aeruginosa and other gram-negative bacteria. It also inhibits Staphylococus aureus, Streptococcus hemolyticus, Diplococcus pneumoniae, and Hemophilus pertussis and other gram-positive bacteria. (2) Antiviral purpose for animals. It inhibits influenza virus

Fritillaria Bulb Fritillaria Bulb

Fritillaria Bulb

Traditional Uses Moistens dryness to resolve phlegm, clears heat, for … due to heat in the lungs, malfunction of the lungs. Fritillaria Bulb /Chuan-bei is purposive for ... Scientific Research - animals (1) Antitussive and expectorant purposes for animal: The alkaloids of the herb possess atro pinelike activities, stop contraction of the bronchial smooth muscle, decrease secretion, and dilate the pupil of the eye. (2) Central nervous system inhibiting purpose for animals: In warm-blooded animals it paralyzes the central nervous system, stimulates heart muscles, causes dysfunction, of breathing and spontaneous, motor movements, decreases heart rate, and causes incomplete heart contraction thus leading to a lowering of blood pressure. It increases extirpated uterine contractions but inhibits peristalsis of extirpated rabbit intestines.

Gardenia Fruit Gardenia Fruit

Gardenia Fruit

Traditional Uses Dispels heat and purges fire, cools blood, removes toxin... Scientific Research - animals (1) Purpose on the gallbladder for animals test: The aqueous or ethanol extracts when injected into rabbits stimulates their bile secretion. The extract also lowers the blood bilirubin level in rabbits after their bile ducts have been tied off and they have been injected with crocin and crocetin. Geniposide after being degraded in the intestine yields geni-pin, which stimulates bile secretion after being absorbed. (2)Hypotensive purpose: The aqueous or ethanol extracts will continuously lower blood pressure in cats. (3) Antibacterial purpose: In vitro, it inhibits the growth of Shigella dysenteriae, Staphylococcus aureus, Streptococcus hemolyticus, and Pseudomonas aeruginosa. (4) Antifungal purpose for animals: Its aqueous extract inhibits white ringworm. (5) Tranquilizing purpose: Its aqueous extract exhibits a tranquilizing purpose in mice. (6) Antipyretic purpose for animals: It inhibits center-controlling fever, its action being vary similar to that of coptis and scute. (7) Other purposes for mice: It inhibits ascitic carcinoma and suppresses diarrhea when given orally to mice.

Ginger Root Ginger Root

Ginger Root

Traditional Uses Warms middle warmer, reinvigorates yang, arms lungs, and resolves phlegm, for cold limbs, minute pulse due to retention of cold and moisture Scientific Research - animals (1) Hypertensive purpose for animals: It reflexively stimulates the vasomotor center and stimulates' the sympathetic nervous system thereby increasing the blood pressure. (2) Stomachic and antiemetic purposes for animals: It stimulates blood circulation. Ingestion of it warms the stomach and intestines, thus improving digestion and absorption by the gastrointestinal tract, which results in antiemetic and anti diarrheal actions.

Gleditsia Thorn Gleditsia Thorn

Gleditsia Thorn

Traditional Uses Opens cavities, resolves phlegm Scientific Research - animals (1) Hemolytic purpose for animals: It possesses strong hemolytic action. (2) Antibacterial purpose in animals: The aqueous extract inhibits Escherichia coli, Eberthel-la typhos, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Proteus vulgaris, and gram-negative bacteria in vito (3) Expectorant purpose for animals: Its saponin content,stimulates gastric mucosa reflexively, causing an increase in secretions of the respiratory tract to aid in expelling phlegm

Hocquartia Stem Hocquartia Stem

Hocquartia Stem

Traditional Uses Clears heat, promotes water metabolism,facilitates lactation,promotes blood circulation, for Irritability and heat sensation in the chest Scientific Research - animals (1) Diuretic purpose: Its diuretic action is weaker than polyporus but stronger than lophatherum. (2) Cardiotonic purpose: A. manshuriensis action like that of digitalis, stimulates extirpated toad heart. (3) Antibacterial purpose: In vitro, it inhibits grampositive bacteria, Eberthella dysenteriae, and dermatophytes. (4) Anticancer purpose: Aristolochic acid inhibits the growth of carcinoma.

Huo-Shan Dendrobium Stem Huo-Shan Dendrobium Stem

Huo-Shan Dendrobium Stem

Traditional Uses Increases fluids, benefits stomach, nourishes yin, moistens lungs, expels heat, quenches thirst, for Impairment of body fluids ... dry mouth... Scientific Research - animals (1) Antipyretic and analgesic purpose: Its purpose is slight. Dendrobine is the purposeive constituent and acts on the spinal column. (2) Stomachic purpose: The extract stimulates smooth muscle contraction of the small intestine, increases its tonicity, and promotes peristalsis and gastric secretion to help in digestion. (3) Other purposes: The extract of D nobble cannot relieve fever induced by Escherichia coli in rabbits. In higher dosages the extract paralyzes smooth muscles and inhibits heartbeat. At suitable dosages, it inhibits the actions of pilocarpine, atropine, and adrenaline on hearts and small intestines. Its inhibiting purpose is slightest with atropine.

Japanese Honeysuckle Flower Japanese Honeysuckle Flower

Japanese Honeysuckle Flower

Traditional Uses Removes toxic heat, for Fever, dermal eruption Scientific Research - animals (1) Antibacterial purpose: In vitro the extract dramatically inhibits Shigella dy-senteriae, Salmo.

Japanese Quince Fruit Japanese Quince Fruit

Japanese Quince Fruit

Traditional Uses Quenches liver fire, relaxes muscles and meridians, harmonizes the stomach, removes dampness, for Beriberi swelling, contortion of arm and leg, due to dampness Scientific Research - animals (1) Antibacterial purpose: Malic acid inhibits the growth of pathogenic bacteria. (2) Hemopoieticpurpose: Malic acid increases the absorption of iron to produce hemopoietic activities. (3) Antispasmodic purpose: It relaxes the smooth muscle of the gastrointestinal tract and relieves spasms in the limbs. (4) Diuretic purpose: Clinical observations indicate that it dramatically promotes diuresis.

Japanese Teasel Root Japanese Teasel Root

Japanese Teasel Root

Traditional Uses Supplements liver and kidneys, unites fractured tendons and bone, invigorates blood circulation. Scientific Research - animals Anti-inflammatory purpose: It induces the eruption of pus, stops bleeding, and has an analgesic-purpose in patients with carbuncle dermatosis. It also promotes the regeneration of tissues.

Laminaria Laminaria

Laminaria

Traditional Uses Softens hardness, disperses accumulation, resolves phlegm, clean heat Scientific Research - animals (1) Hypotensive purpose: Laminine is the active constituent which lowers blood pressure slightly and temporarily. (2) Purpose on goiter: Because of its iodine and iodide content, the herb is used to treat goiter caused by deficiency in iodide or iodine. (3) Antitussive and expectorant purposes: The extract has been proven to have an antitussive purpose on guinea pigs and on artificially-induced coughing in rats and cats.

Ledebouriella Root Ledebouriella Root

Ledebouriella Root

Traditional Uses Dispels wind, resolves surface, removes dampness, relieves convulsions, , for cold due to wind-cold and dampness limbic spasms Scientific Research - animals (1) Antipyretic purpose: The extract is proven to have antipyretic actions when tested on febrile rabbits injected with typhoid vaccine into the auricular vein. (2) Antibacterial and antifungal purposes: In vitro the aqueous extract is proven purposeive against fungus Shigella dysenteriae, and Bacillus diphtheria. (3) Antiviral purpose: It inhibits viruses causing influenza.

Licorice Root Licorice Root

Licorice Root

Traditional Uses Supplements spleen, replenishes chi, clears heat, removes toxin, moist lungs, harmonizes the stomach and spleen Scientific Research - animals (1) Detoxifying purpose: Glyiyrrhizin and its calcium salt possess detoxifying action on bacterial toxins (diphtherin, tetanin), poisonous foods and drugs, and toxins of metabolic products. Glycvrrhizin when degraded yields glucuronic acid, v:hich in the liver will combine with toxic materials to form glucuronide to produce a detoxifying action. (2) Adrenocortical hormonelike The active constituent glycyrrhetic acid in licorice causes the retention of water and sodium ions, increases blood pressure, promotes the secretion of potassium, and thus possesses actions similar to those of adrenocorticohormone. Licorice is purposeive against Addisonís disease. (3) Antispasmodic purpose: It inhibits smooth muscle activities, mainly because of its flavonoid content, which has actions similar to those of papaverin. (4) Gastric secretion-inhibiting action: Animal studies show that licorice inhibits gastric secretion caused by histamine. (5) Anti-inflammatory purpose: Glycyrrhizin and its degraded product glycyrrhe-tinic acid possess anti-inflammatory actions similar to those of certain hormones secreted by the adrenal gland.

Ligusticum Rhizome Ligusticum Rhizome

Ligusticum Rhizome

Traditional Uses Invigorates blood circulation, promotes the flow of chi, dispels wind ... Scientific Research (1) Antispasmodic purpose: The extract inhibits intestinal and uterine contraction. in animals to produce antispasmodic and analgesic purposes. Its active constituent is ferulic acid. (2) Tranquilizing purpose: The essential oil inhibits the central nervous system. (3) Hypotensive purpose: The aqueous extract slightly lowers the blood pressure of animals. Intramuscular injection can produce this purpose, but the purpose is more pronounced with anesthetized animals (dogs, cats, and rabbits) when the extract is injected intravenously. (4) Vasodilative purpose: The extract when injected into the coronary artery increases blood flow in the coronary artery and to the lower limbs. (5) Antibacterial purpose: In vitro it inhibits Escherichia coli, Bacillus typhi, and dysentery bacteria. (6) Antifungal purpose: In vitro butylphthalide, cnidilide, and neocnidilide inhibit dermatophytes.

Ligustrum Fruit Ligustrum Fruit

Ligustrum Fruit

Traditional Uses Supplements kidneys, nourishes yin, nourishes liver, clears vision, for Yin deficiency, internal heat, promote waist and knees Scientific Research - animals (1) Cardiotonic purpose: Oleanolic acid possesses cardiotonic actions. (2) Purgative purpose: (-mannite acts as a laxative and purgative. (3) Nutritive purpose: The constituents oleic acid and olinoleic acid possess nutritive actions; (4) Other purposes: Recent experimental studies have shown that the aqueous extract inhibits the growth of transplanted tumor cells in animals.

Lophatherum Leaf Lophatherum Leaf

Lophatherum Leaf

Traditional Uses Clears heat, promotes urination... Scientific Research - animals (1) Antipyretic purpose: Given orally it has a hypothermic purpose on rats with artificially induced fevers. (2) Diuretic purpose: Its diuretic purpose is weaker than chlorides in the urine. (3) Anticarcinogenic purpose: The extract is purposeive in cinoma and sarcoma-180.

LoquatLeaf LoquatLeaf

Loquat Leaf

Traditional Uses Cleanses lungs, harmonizes stomach, causes chi to descend, resolve phlegm, for Lung-heat, retention of phlegm and water, stomach heat... Scientific Research - animals (1) Antitussive and expectorant purposes: Amygadalin, after being hydrolyze, yields hydrocyanic acid which calms the sensory nerves of the bronchi, thus decreasing coughing. It stimulates the respiration center of the central nervous system. (2) Antiviral purpose: It inhibits viruses causing influenza.

LotusFruit LotusFruit

Lotus Fruit

Traditional Uses Dispels toxic heat in the heart, benefits kidneys, strengthens spleen, controls for Spleen deficiency, excessive dreaming Scientific Research - animals (1) Purpose on smooth muscle: The alkaloids of the herb relax smooth muscle, methylcorypalline dilates coronary arteries, and demethylcoclaurine relaxes smooth uterine muscle. (2) Other purposes: The decoction of the embryo neutralizes toxicity; oxoushin-sunine inhibits swollen infection of the nose and throat.

LyciumBerry LyciumBerry

Lycium Berry

Traditional Uses Supplements the liver and kidneys, promotes sperm and blood, clears vision, for Deficiency of liver and kidney yin. Scientific Research - animals (1) Purpose on liver fat: In experiments with mice intoxicated with carbon tetrachloride, the aqueous extract slightly inhibits the precipitation of fat in liver cells and promotes regeneration of liver cells. The active constituents are probably the metabolic products of betaine. (2) Hypoglycemia purpose: The herb lowers the level of blood sugar. (3) Hypotensive purpose: Intravenous injection of the aqueous extract into the rabbitís ear causes a dramatic decrease in blood pressure and also stimulates breathing.

LyciumRootBark LyciumRootBark

Lycium Root Bark

Traditional Uses Dispels heat, cools blood, excess due to deficiency, for thirst Scientific Research - animals (1) Hypotensive purpose: The aqueous extract directly dilates blood vessels and thus lowers blood pressure. (2) Antibacterial purpose: In vitro, it inhibits Staphylococcus aureus. (3) Hypoglycemic purpose: It lowers the blood sugar level m rabbits. (4) Antipyretic purpose: It lowers the temperature of rabbits with experimentally induced fevers.
Magnolia Bark Magnolia Bark

Magnolia Bark

Traditional Uses Dries dampness, removes fullness, moves chi... Scientific Research - animals (1) Antispasmodic purpose: The decoction decreases the toxicity of extirpated intestinal tracts, relaxes tetanic contraction of the striated muscles, and paralyzes the nerve endings of motor neurons. (2) Antibacterial purpose: In vitro it inhibits typhoid bacteria, dysentery bacteria, Escherichia coli, and Staphylococcus aureus. (3) Stomachic purpose: It stimulates the mucosa of the digestive tract, and produces reflex excitation. (4) Anthelmintic purpose: It eliminates Ascaris suis. (5) Other purposes: The extract inhibits the heartbeat, causes contraction of the blood vessels of toadsí lower limbs, and completely inhibits muscular contraction induced by acetylcholine

Medicated Leaven Medicated Leaven

Medicated Leaven

Traditional Uses Promotes digestion, moves chi, strengthens spleen, resolves surface, for appetite, digestion Scientific Research - animals Stomachic purpose: Amylase and yeast promote digestion and have a stomachic purpose.

Mint Mint

Mint

Traditional Uses Disperses wind-heat, cleanses throat, promotes eruption... Scientific Research - animals (1) Inhibition of central nervous system purpose: Animal studies show that a large dose of menthol suppresses the central nervous system, and can cause paralysis of the spinal cord. (2) Dilating blood vessels purpose: The oil when applied to frogs possesses a local vasodilating purpose and when applied to a rabbitís ear has a reddening purpose; it stimulates the skin, regulates the nerve center controlling body temperature, and dilates blood vessels, thus producing a sudorific purpose. (3) Inhibition of intestinal movement purpose: In vitro, the oil inhibits and paralyzes intestinal activities. (4) Analgesic and antipruritic purposes: When menthol is applied to the skin, it selectively stimulates nerve endings sensitive to cold, producing a sensation of coolness, and also has a local analgesic purpose.

Morinda Root

Morinda Root

Traditional Uses Warms kidneys, supplements yang, strengthens muscles and bones, removes cold-warmth Scientific Research - animals (1) Antibacterial purpose: In vitro the ethanol extract inhibits Bacillus subtilis. (2) Hypotensive purpose: It reduces blood pressure. (3) Cortical hormone-like It has biological purposes resembling those of the cortical hormones.

Mulberry Leaf Mulberry Leaf

Mulberry Leaf

Traditional Uses Soothes liver wind and heat, cleanses liver, clears vision, for thirst Scientific Research - animals Soothes liver wind and heat, cleanses liver, clears vision, for thirst.

Notoplerygium Rhizome Notoplerygium Rhizome

Notoplerygium Rhizome

Traditional Uses Dispels wind, resolves surface, expels wind-damp and wind-cold Scientific Research - animals (1) Antibacterial purpose: The ethanol extract of N. incisium inhibits the proliferation of Mycobacterium tuberculosis. (2) Antifungal purpose: It also inhibits the growth of dermatophytes. (3) Other purposes: N. incisium also has sudorific, antipyretic, and analgesic purposes..

Ophiopogon Tuber Ophiopogon Tuber

Ophiopogon Tuber

Traditional Uses Cleanses yin, moistens dryness, removes heat, resolves phlegm, increases salivation, quenches thirst, moistens lungs, for Impairment of body fluids ,restlessness, thirst, dry throat, lack of body fluids Scientific Research - animals (1) It has antipyretic, antitussive, expectorant, diuretic, cardiotonic, and tonify-ing purposes. (2) Blood sugar-lowering purpose: The aqueous extract lowers blood pressure for quite aí long period of time in both normal rabbits and those haying alloxan-induced diabetes. (3) Anti-inflammatory purpose: In mice, the ethanol extract inhibits swelling of feet caused, by carrageenin. (4) Antibacterial action: In vitro it possesses quite a strong inhibitory action on Staphylococcus albus, Escherlchia coli, and Bacillus typhi

Pearls Pearls

Pearls

Traditional Uses Tranquilizes spirit, stabilizes fright, reduces heat, removes toxin, as-tringes, promotes tissue regeneration, for Convulsions due to wind, restlessness of the mind and spirit Scientific Research - animals (1) Gastric acid-neutralizing purpose: Its active constituent is calcium carbonate. (2) Antihistamine purpose: The hydrolyte of the outer layer of pearls catalyzed by sulfuric acid inhibits contraction of the intestinal tract due to histamine and also prevents death in guinea pigs due to histamine shock. (3) Antiallergic purpose: It prevents allergic responses in guinea pigs injected with horse serum. (4) Diuretic purpose: It can temporarily cause experimental rabbits to increase urinary volume.

Perilla Leaf Perilla Leaf

Perilla Leaf

Traditional Uses Induces diaphoresis, dispels heat, moves chi to relieve intestinal gas, removes fish and crab toxins, strengthens the stomach, for cold distention and fullness Scientific Research - animals (1) Sleep-prolonging purpose: The extract increases the duration of sleep. (2) Antipyretic purpose: The liquid extract has a slight antipyretic purpose on febrile rabbits injected with typhoid vaccine. (3) Antibacterial purpose: In vitro, it inhibits the proliferation of staphylococcus bacteria.

Plantago Seed Plantago Seed

Plantago Seed

Traditional Uses Regulates water metabolism, removes heat, clears vision, disperses phlegm. Scientific Research - animals (1) Diuretic purpose: It increases the secretion of water, urea, sodium chloride, and uric acid. (2) Antitussive and expectorant purpose: It acts on the center controlling breathing, and increases the secretion of mucus, thus exerting expectorant action.

Platycodon Root Platycodon Root

Platycodon Root

Traditional Uses Ventilates and smoothes the lungs, disperses cold, resolves phlegm. Scientific Research - animals (1) Expectorant purpose: It promotes salivary and bronchial secretions. (2) Antilussive purpose: The 20%decoction treats coughing in mice caused by ammonia. (3) Antibacterial purpose: In vitro it is bacteriostatic to fungi, for example tinea alba. (4) Other purposes: Crude platycodon exertsits tranquilizing,analglgesic, and antipyretic properties by inhibiting the central nervous system: it also possesses anti-inflammatory, vasodilating, and hypotensive actions.

Polygala Root Polygala Root

Polygala Root

Traditional Uses Tranquilizes spirit, removes phlegm, excessive dreaming, due to cold-phlegm or damp-phlegm Scientific Research - animals (1) Nauseant and expectorant purpose: Its saponin content can irritate gastric mucosa, causing slight nausea and reflex bronchial secretion. This purpose is weak, but patients with gastritis and gastric ulcer should avoid using it. (2) Antibacterial purpose: The ethanol extract markedly inhibits, Staphylococcus aureus, Shigella dysenteriae, and Bacillus tuberculosis. (3) Other purposes: It has hemolytic action. The aqueous extract increases uterine contraction and muscle tone in experimental animals.

Polygonatum Rhizome Polygonatum Rhizome

Polygonatum Rhizome

Traditional Uses Supplements the stomach and spleen, replenishes chi, tonifies spleen, moistens lungs, nourishes sperm and bone marrow, for General deficiency and impairment. Scientific Research - animals (1) Hypoglycemic purpose: Rabbits given the extract orally manifest a blood sugar level which first gradually rises and then falls. (2) Hypotensive purpose: The extract lowers the blood pressure of anesthetized animals. (3) Antibacterial purpose: The extract inhibits the growth of Bacillus typhi and Staphylococcus aureus. (4) Antifungal purpose: The extract inhibits the growth of dermatophytes.

Poria Poria

Poria

Traditional Uses Promotes diuresis, eliminates dampness, strengthens spleen, harmonizes the middle warmer, tranquilizes the heart, soothes the nerves, and pacifies the spirit Scientific Research - animals (1) Diuretic purpose: Animal studies show it has a diuretic purpose, presumably by inhibiting the reabsorption of renal tubules, thus increasing the secretion of sodium, potassium, and chloride electrolytes. (2) Nutritive purpose: Its nutritive constituents enhance the spleen and tonify the middle part of the body. (3) Tranquilizing purpose: It has a calming action. (4) Other purposes: It decreases blood sugar level, relaxes the extirpated intestines of rabbits, and slightly lessens the formation of gastric ulcer.

Red Peony Root Red Peony Root

Red Peony Root

Traditional Uses Cleanses heat, cools blood, invigorates blood circulation, disperses stagnancy. Scientific Research -- animals (1) Tranquilizing purpose: It inhibits the central nervous system, producing a tranquilizing action. (2) Analgesic and anticonvulsive purposes: It suppresses abdominal pain caused by spasms of the smooth muscle of the small intestine. (3) Antibacterial purpose: In vitro it inhibits dysentery bacteria and Staphylococcus aureus. (4) Antiviral purpose: It inhibits the virus causing epidemic common cold. (5) Coronary artery-dilating purpose: The aqueous extract dilates the coronary arteries.

Rehmannia Root Rehmannia Root

Rehmannia Root

Traditional Uses Clears up heat, cools blood, nourishes yin and blood, for dark red tongue, fever due to yin deficiency, dry mouth, throat and lips, dry stool and thirst Scientific Research - animals (1) Hemostatic purpose: Animal studies show that the extract hastens the coagulation of blood. (2) Cardiotonic and diuretic purposes: The extract is cardiotonic to a dysfunctioning heart because of its purpose on cardiac muscle and ability to dilate renal blood vessels; therefore it also possesses a diuretic purpose. (3) Hypoglycemic purpose: The extract when given orally to rabbits lowers their blood sugar level, while its methanol extract lowers the blood sugar level of mice having alloxan-induced diabetes.

Reishi Mushroom Reishi Mushroom

Reishi Mushroom

Traditional Uses Nourishes, supplements, tonifies, removes toxin, astringes, disperses accumulation, for Deficiency in elderly persons Scientific Research - animals (1) Antitussive and expectorant purposes: The ethanol extract or aqueous extract when injected peritoneally into mice inhibits the central nervous system and produces antitussive and expectorant actions. (2) Hypotensive purpose: Intraperitoneal injections of the extract into anesthetized rabbits and dogs lower their blood pressure and increase their urine volume. (3) Antihepatic purpose: Carbon tetrachloride-induced hepatic mice when fed with the ethanol extract at a dosage of 10 g/kg for eight days have fewer symptoms associated with hepatitis. (4) Antibacterial purpose: It is bacteriostatic to Bacillus pneumoniae, staphylococci, and streptococci bacteria.

Royal Jelly Royal Jelly

Royal Jelly

Royal jelly is probably the most mysterious of all the products of the beehive. Just about everyone has heard of royal jelly, if only as an ingredient in luxurious skin-care products. But chances are you don't know much about it as a hormone-rich dietary supplement. Royal jelly is one of Nature's best-kept secrets. In fact, because royal jelly is fed directly from a worker bee to the queen bee, most beekeepers never have an opportunity to see or taste the royal milk. Nurse bees between five and fifteen days of age secrete royal jelly. In the nursing phase of their development, worker bees practically force-feed themselves near to bursting with an incredibly rich diet of bee pollen and honey. The queen bee drinks her fill of royal jelly directly from the nurse bees' hypopharyngeal glands, located on either side of the nurse bees' heads. What is Royal Jelly Royal jelly is a thick fluid, creamy in consistency, milky white in appearance. It is synthesized in nurse bees' bodies during the digestion of bee pollen, which helps account for its remarkable quantities of hormonal substances and the strong proteins found in its highly nitrogenous composition. It has a pungent odor. The queen bee obviously thinks royal jelly is delicious, but humans find it very tart and bitter on the tongue. Royal jelly is fed to the queen bee for the whole of her life. This rich royal milk plays an absolutely essential role in the making of a queen. Queen bees are made, not born. Eggs to be reared as queens are laid in specially prepared, super-size brood cells that look rather like peanut shells. But the eggs deposited therein by the queen mother of the hive are identical to those eggs that are destined to become the sexless worker bees of the hive. They are not genetically superior in any way. Worker bees, denied royal jelly except for three short days during the larval period, are the sexless laborers of the hive. The Composition of Royal Jelly Royal jelly is very complex. A broad chemical analysis reveals that it has a moisture content of 66.05 percent; a protein content of 12.34 percent; lipids, 5.46 percent; reducing substance, 12.49 percent; minerals, .82 percent; and unidentifiable elements, 2.84 percent. And here we are again looking at the ìmagic" of the bee. As with bee pollen, science still hasn't been able to completely identify and isolate all the important constituents of royal jelly, let alone synthesize a satisfactory substitute in the laboratory. We know royal jelly is exceptionally rich in natural hormones and offers an abundance of the B vitamins ñ including thiamine, riboflavin, pyridoxine, niacin, pantothenic acid, biotin, inositol, and folic acid ñ and vitamins A, C, and E. With twenty amino acids, royal jelly is a highly concentrated source of rich proteins, including cystine, lysine, and arginine. It provides important fatty acids, sugars, sterols, phosphorus compounds, and acetylcholine. Acetylcholine is important in the transmission of nerve messages and assists in the production of glandular secretions. Royal jelly is rich in nucleic acids, which in royal jelly include DNA and RNA, the very stuff of which life is made. Gelatin, one of the precursors of collagen, is another component of royal jelly. Collagen is a powerful anti-aging element that keeps us youthful. The presence of gamma globulin, an infection-fighting and immunostimulating factor, has been documented in royal jelly. Not surprisingly, royal jelly also contains decanoic acid, which exhibits strong antibiotic activity against many bacterial and fungal infestations. If royal jelly did not have this built-in antibiotic factor, science points out, the nutritive richness of the royal milk would provide an excellent growing medium for all kinds of harmful microbes. Mother Nature takes care of her own. Before we examine the scientific studies on royal jelly, let's look at the role this nutritively dense royal milk plays in the hive. During the first three days of larval development, baby bees destined to become workers of the colony are fed a diluted form of royal jelly ñ the royal milk liberally mixed with honey. This rich brood food is supplied so generously, the tiny young larvae actually lie in a pool of it within their individual brood cells. The mass feeding of royal jelly comes abruptly to an end after three days. The quality of brood food changes, and the quantity supplied is reduced sharply. During the remainder of their larval development, baby worker bees are fed bee bread (bee pollen) and honey. Food is given as needed. During the final stages of larval life, the development of the worker-larva's sex glands is suppressed. Her sex glands will remain immature and useless for the whole of her life. However, her hypopharyngeal glands, the glands that will secrete the royal jelly to feed the queen, mature and develop fully. Should royal jelly, even in diluted form, continue to be supplied to these baby workers, a queen would be produced. The Rearing of a Queen Throughout her entire larval and pupal periods, a future queen is supplied with highly nutritive, hormone-rich royal jelly. Nurse bees instinctively supply abundant royal jelly to the larvae deposited in the peanut-shaped queen brood cells past the three-day period of mass feeding of royal jelly to all larvae.

Rubus Fruit Rubus Fruit

Rubus Fruit

Traditional Uses Supplements liver and kidneys, astringes sperm, inhibits urine secretion, for involuntary emission Scientific Research - animals Antibacterial purpose: In vitro it inhibits the growth of Vibrio cholerae.

Sargassum Sargassum

Sargassum

Traditional Uses Disperses accumulated phlegm, delivers water, cleanses heat. Scientific Research - animals (1) Anticoagulant purpose: The anticoagulant constituent possesses the same anticoagulation action as that of heparin and is not easily decomposed by heat. (2) Antifungal purpose: The aqueous extract inhibits various dermatophytes in vitro. (3) Hypotensive purpose: It lowers blood cholesterol level and blood pressure.

aussurea Root aussurea Root

Saussurea Root

Traditional Uses Promotes chi circulation, relieves distention,harmonizes the stomach, for Stomach… due to perverted flow of liver chi Scientific Research - animals (1) Antibacterial purpose: Aucklandia lappa possesses the strongest inhibitory purpose on various staphylococci, Bacillus subtilis, Escherichia coli, and Bacillus typhi. (2) Regulating the intestine and analgesic purposes: The extract of A. lappa acts on the nervus. vagus, stimulates the large intestine, increases peristalsis of the large intestine, and moderates pain and gas inside the gastrointestinal tract. (3) Anthelmintic purpose: The alantolactone content" in Inula helenium possesses stronger anthelmintic action than santonin; however, it is quite bitter and can cause vomiting. (4) Hypotensive purpose: The aromatic extract of Aristolochia debilis or A. contorta possesses a pronounced hypotensive purpose. Its toxicity is lower than that of the fruit of Aristolochia debilis. The hypotensive action is strong and lasts for a long time.

Schisandra Fruit Schisandra Fruit

Schisandra Fruit

Traditional Uses Actions; Astringes the lungs, nourishes the kidneys, promotes secretion of fluids, controls seminal emission due to deficiency of the lungs. dryness in the mouth and thirst. Scientific Research - animals (1) Central nervous system-stimulating purpose: It excites the central nervous system and increases brain efficiency, and regulates the cardiovascular system to improve blood circulation. The tincture of the herb is most potent as compared to other kinds of extract. The ether extracts possess tranquilizing actions because gomisin A inhibits the central nervous system. (2) Antitussive and expectorant purposes: The ether extract possesses these actions. Gomisin A has antitussive action. (3) Purpose on the uterus: It stimulates uterine smooth muscle, causing an increase in uterine rhythmic contraction (4) Antibacterial purpose: The decoction possesses strong inhibitory action on Bacillus subtilis, Bacillus dysenteriae, Bacillus typhi, and Staphylococcus aureus. (5) Cardiotonic purpose: The tincture is cardiotonic to the frog heart both in vitro and in viva, and causes stronger contractions and more complete relaxation. (6) Other purposes: Schizandrin possesses analgesic action, inhibits gastric secretion, and promotes bile secretion; Gomisin A markedly inhibits the rising values of (GOT and GPT in serum due to liver dysfunction.

Schizonepeta Schizonepeta

Schizonepeta

Traditional Uses Dispels wind, resolves surface... Scientific Research - animals (1) Sudorific and antipyretic purposes: The decoction has an antipyretic purpose on an animal in which a fever is artificially induced. (2) Antibacterial purpose: In vitro, it inhibits the growth of Mycobacterium tuberculosis. (3) Antiphlogistic purpose: It stimulates the degradation and absorption of diseased tissue of the skin. (4) Hemostatic purpose: It shortens blood coagulation time.

Scrophlaria Root Scrophlaria Root

Scrophlaria Root

Traditional Uses Nourishes yin, dispels heat, purges fire, removes toxin, for impairment of yin. Scientific Research - animals (1) Vasodilating purpose: The extract dilates blood vessels, stimulates blood circulation, and possesses antiphlogistic purposes. (2) Hypotensive purpose: The aqueous extract lowers blood pressure. It is especially purposeive in renal hypertensive cases. (3) Antipyretic purpose: The constituent P-methoxycinnamic acid possesses this purpose. (4) Other purposes: Experiments also show that it has hypogiyccniic, antifungal, hemolytic, and topical stimulation purposes.

Scutellaria Root Scutellaria Root

Scutellaria Root

Traditional Uses Cleanses heat, dries moisture, purges fire, removes toxin, feeling of fullness Scientific Research - animals (1) Antiallergic purpose: Baicalein and baicalin destroy the SH enzyme system of macrocytes, thereby inhibiting the release of antibodies and preventing an allergic response. Therefore it relieves dermatitis, asthma, and tracheal constriction due to allergy. (2) Purpose on the gallbladder: The extract increases the secretion of bile in dogs and rabbits. Baicalein is more purposeive than baicalin in this action while wogonin has no purpose. (3) Diuretic purpose: Baicalein is most purposeive in inducing diuresis, while wogonin is second and baicalin last. (4) Hypotensive purpose: Intravenous or intramuscular injection of the extract of baicalin lowers the blood pressure of anesthetized dogs, cats, and rabbits. It acts on the vascular receptors, thus directly dilating blood vessels and inducing hypotensive action. (5) Antibacterial purpose: In vitro, it inhibits Bacillus dysenteriae, Bacillus diptheriae, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Staphylococcus aureus, and Diplococcus pneumoniae. (6) Antiviral purpose: In vitro, it inhibits the epidemic influenza virus PR8. (7) Antifungal purpose: In vitro, it inhibits various dermatophytes. (8) Tranquilizing purpose: Because baicalin inhibits the cortex of the mouse cerebrum, it suppresses the spontaneous activities of mice. (9) Antipyretic purpose: The extract lowers body temperature of rabbits with fevers induced by injecting typhoid vaccine, but other animal studies do not show this purpose.

Spiny Jujube Kernel

Spiny Jujube Kernel

Traditional Uses Nourishes the liver, calms the heart and spirit, and reinforces yin, for Fidg. due to deficiency Scientific Research - animals (1) Sedative purpose: It inhibits the central nervous system and exerts stable sedative action. The raw seed is much more potent that its fried seed, which has lost its oily component and thus does not have sedative action. There is a report that the aqueous component has sleep-inducing properties. (2) Hypotensive action: Animal studies have indicated that it causes a persistent lowering of blood pressure. (3) Uterine purpose: Because it stimulates the uterus, pregnant women should take care in using it. (4) Other purposes: It causes a blockage of nerve impulses.

Tang Kuei Root

Tang Kuei Root

Traditional Uses Supplements and moves blood, moistens intestines, regulates menses, deficiency of blood, chest and abdominal Scientific Research - animals (1) Uterus-regulating purpose: Tang-kuei has both stimulating and inhibiting actions on uterine muscles. Experiments indicate that its non-volatile water-soluble compounds stimulate uterine muscle, while its volatile oil inhibits uterine muscle, producing a relaxing action. Therefore, to cause the uterus to contract the herb should be decocted for a long period of time to get rid of the volatile oil. If the uterus is to be relaxed then the herb should be put into the decoction later (that is, the other herbs should be decocted first for some time before tang-kuei is added and it should be boiled over a low flame to prevent loss of the volatile oil). Animal studies show that the uterus upon being pressed will exhibit irregular contractions, but after adminstration of tang-kuei the uterus will contract regularly. This means that tang-kueican regulate the function of the uterus and that is most probably the mechanism of tang-kueiís ability to treat menorrhagia. Mice given feed containing 5% tang-kuei have higher DNA (deoxyribonucleic acid) content in their uteri, have higher glucose metabolism, and thus have a higher multiplication rate of uterine tissue. (2) Purpose on metabolism and secretion: Mice fed with 5% tang-kuei feed have a higher metabolic rate, and show an increase in oxygen consumption by the liver. Though the vitamin B12 content is low in tang kuei, the vitamins may nevertheless be responsible for its hematinic action. The extract protects the liver and prevents a decrease in liver sugar in mice with acute hepatitis induced by carbon tetrachloride. In experiments with mice, the herb acts against vitamin E deficiency, which may be related to its fetus-stabilizing purpose. (3) Sedative purpose: The volatile oil inhibits brain activity, thus having the purpose of sedation. (4) Diuretic purpose: Tang-kuei promotes urine excretion. (5) Antibacterial purpose: In vitro, it inhibits Bacillus dysenteriae, E. coli. Streptococcus haemolyticus and other bacteria.

Tangerine Peel Tangerine Peel

Tangerine Peel

Traditional Uses Regulates chi, strengthens spleen, dries moisture, transforms phlegm, for Turgid chest and abdomen... Scientific Research - animals (1) The herb is used as a stomachic, expectorant, and antiemetic and can regulate the intestine. (2) Hemostatic purpose: Both hesperidin and rutin (quercetin) possess vitamin P-like activities that strengthen capillaries and decrease bleeding. (3) Antibacterial purpose: In vitro the extract inhibits staphylococci. (4) Other purposes: The extract increases blood pressure, stimulates the heart, inhibits gastrointestinal and uterine activities, and slightly inhibits urinary excretion.

Trichosanthes Fruit Trichosanthes Fruit

Trichosanthes Fruit

Traditional Uses Moistens the lungs and intestines, resolves phlegm, for Thirst due to dry throat Scientific Research - animals (1) Antibacterial purpose: In vitro, it inhibits Escherichia coli, typhoid bacteria, and dysentery bacteria. (2) Anticancer purpose: Animal studies indicate that it has definite inhibitory actions but not a high inhibitory rate on tumors and ascitic carcinoma.

Trichosanthes Root Trichosanthes Root

Trichosanthes Root

Traditional Uses Cleanses heat, moistens dryness, promotes secretion of fluids, quenches thirst Scientific Research - animals (1) Blood sugar-lowering purpose: Clinical studies indicate that diabetic patients taking a decoction containing trichosanthes as its main ingredient have markedly lowered blood sugar levels. (2) Anticancer purpose: In vitro it inhibits cancer cells. (3) Abortifacient purpose: In mainland China, trichosanthes has recently been used-clinically to induce abortion.

Tubuo Angelica Root Tubuo Angelica Root

Tubuo Angelica Root

Traditional Uses Removes wind-dampness, promotes circulation of meridians, expels dampness,due to dampness, wind, and cold, weak in the hands and feet. Scientific Research -animals (1) Tranquilizing and sleep-inducing purposes: Oral administration or i.p. injection of the extract in mice and rats produces sedating and sleep-inducing actions. (2) Analgesic purpose: Experiments using the hot-plates method show that it has analgesic purposes on mice. (3) Antiarthritic purpose: It reduces inflammation of the joints induced by formaldehyde in rats. (4) Hypotensive purpose: Injection of the extract into anesthetized dogs or cats dilates their blood vessels and reduces their blood pressure.

Unripe Bitter Orange Fruit

Unripe Bitter Orange Fruit

Traditional Uses Moves chi, dissipates accumulations, for Accumulation of phlegm in region, accumulation in the chest, feeling of fullness in upper abdomen, retention of poor digested food. Scientific Research - animals (1) Stimulation of gastrointestinal functions: The extract markedly inhibits extirpated rabbit intestines and the gastrointestinal system of anesthetized dogs, but it stimulates gastrointestinal motor activities in humans (this explains why clinically the extract is used to increase digestion). (2) Contraction of the uterine muscle: The extract stimulates the rabbit uterus and rabbit extirpated uterus by increasing the tonicity and contraction of the uterine muscle. (3) Purgative purpose: This purpose is thought to be related to the flavonoid content of the aqueous extract. (4) Other purposes: The aqueous extract increases blood pressure. At low dosages, it increases contraction of extirpated toad heart, while at high dosages it decreases contraction. The aqueous extract slightly inhibits urinary excretion in anesthetized dogs and induces contraction of toad blood vessels.

Unsalted Fermented Soybean Unsalted Fermented Soybean

Unsalted Fermented Soybean

Traditional Uses Dispels exterior condition, relieves fidgets. Scientific Research - animals Stomachic purpose: The enzyme-like activities help digestion an tonified the stomach.

Vitex Fruit Vitex Fruit

Vitex Fruit

Traditional Uses Disperses wind-heat, cleanses head and eyes, for Heaviness of the head.

Wheat Wheat

Wheat

Traditional Uses Supplements liver and kidneys, strengthens tendons and bones, dispels wind-dampness.

White Peony Root White Peony Root

White Peony Root

Traditional Uses Supplements blood, alleviates sudden onset ,due to yin-deficiency Scientific Research - animals (1) Antispasmodic and analgesic purposes: In experiments using extirpated rabbitsí intestinal tracts and tests on smooth muscle of unextirpated ratsí stomach and uterus, it has been shown to lower the tonicity of the muscles and inhibit activities. (2) Sedative purpose: Paeoniflorin inhibits the central nervous system. (3) Antibacterial purpose: It possesses quite pronounced antibacterial action on Staphylococcus aureus and Shigella dysenteriae. (4) Other purposes: Preliminary experiments show that the herb inhibits gastric secretion and prevents the development of gastric ulcers due to nervousness in rats Clinical observation indicates that the herb inhibits diaphoresis and diuresis.